Medienberichte und neue Publikationen
Der Bund, 4. september 2020
Mehr Kinder von Leihmüttern: Baby aus den USA - doch dann wirds kompliziert
Immer mehr Paare lassen Babys von Leihmüttern im Ausland austragen. Doch der erfüllte Kinderwunsch bringt Probleme mit sich, wie ein neues Urteil des Berner Obergerichts zeigt.
Die Zeitung «Der Bund» zitiert Prof. Carolin Schurr: «Leihmutterschaft sollte ähnlich wie Sexarbeit als Form der Arbeit anerkannt und entsprechend entlohnt werden.» Sie fordert eine Debatte darüber, unter welchen Bedingungen Leihmutterschaft möglich ist.
Blogbeitrag "the Care-Giving Academic"
Blogbeitrag "the Care-Giving Academic" (basierend auf den Ergebnissen der GIUB-Umfrage)
Auf Gendercampus haben Carolin Schurr, Heike Mayer und Andrea Winiger einen Blogeintrag über die Ergebnisse einer Umfrage am Geographischen Institut der Universität Bern, welche die ungleiche Verteilung bei der Belastung von Care-Arbeit aufzeigte, geschrieben. Unter Anerkennung dieser ungleichen Auswirkungen fordert der Blog, die gegenwärtige Krise als Chance zur Etablierung einer neuen akademischen Norm/alität zu begreifen: "the care-giving academic".
Artikel "Killing the joy, feeling the cruelty: Feminist geographies of nationalism in Azerbaijan" von Elisabeth Militz
Feminist political geographies complicate our understanding of nationalisms, unraveling the gendered, racist, sexualized and classed logics that enable and legitimize nationalist projects and experiences. Scholarship on the “national intimate” usefully re-centers those feminized and trivialized mundane practices, bodily experiences, subjects and spaces that in fact powerfully reproduce nationalist sentiments. I draw on this reframing here, demonstrating the insights of a feminist geographic critique of national enjoyment in Azerbaijan. In particular, I mobilize Sara Ahmed’s figure of the feminist “killjoy” to unmask how national enjoyment obscures and yet reproduces patriarchal, heterosexist and racist narratives and mundane bodily encounters. Examining national enjoyment around men’s football, women’s beauty, smoking and heterosexual marriage, I attend to the oft-ignored but vital embodied sites and objects involved in reproducing enjoyment in national meaning. I show the conditions that are necessary for different bodies to gain access to national enjoyment, and the emotional, bodily and economic investments that are necessary to navigate heteronormative, patriarchal and racialized alignments in enjoying the nation. Feminist, critical race and queer theory has unequivocally demonstrated that nationalisms depend on—indeed cannot be separated from—the workings of patriarchy, misogyny, racism and heterosexism. As geographers, moving forward, it is vital that we attend to this work if we are to better understand the ordinary power of national enjoyment.
Artikel Complicating notions of violence: An embodied view of violence against women in Honduras von Maaret Jokela-Pansini
Feminist geographic analysis has demonstrated that violence inflicted on women is embodied, experienced and personal and at the same time, linked to global socio-political and economic processes and patriarchal norms. Consequently, violence is a complex system instead of a norm located in certain places. In heavily militarised societies, patriarchal power regimes are even more prevalent because states’ security strategies promote a masculinist understanding of protection as to who should be protected and by whom – and from what. This study draws on feminist geopolitical analysis and explores how feminist activists in Honduras experience and resist violence in their everyday lives. The research is grounded in interviews, focus-group discussions and participant observation with Honduran activists. The findings demonstrate that violence and its effects are first embedded in women’s everyday lives through feelings of fear and unsafety on the streets, at the workplace and at home. Second, violence operates through structures and institutions such as the military and police, impunity for violence against women and the juridical restriction of reproductive rights. Third, the internationally financed war on drugs and ‘development’ projects contribute to violence, thus, there is a link between intimate experiences of violence and global economic and military powers that sustain violence. Activists therefore argue that, for their needs, the state’s and international organisations’ security approaches are inadequate. The paper weaves together feminist visions of collective self-care and discusses activists’ strategies against violence. This study contributes to a growing feminist geographic scholarship linking women’s bodily experiences with violence and responds to calls for complicating notions of violence
"Reproductive Rights": Artikel in der Encyclopedia of Human Georaphy von Elisabeth Militz und Carolin Schurr
Reproductive rights are about the legal right to contraception, abortion, fertility treatment, reproductive health, and access to information about one's reproductive body. Reproductive rights secure people's freedom to decide about their body's capacities to (not) reproduce. Departing from a feminist understanding of the reproductive body as the most intimate site for/of political struggle, reproductive geographies have emerged as a relatively new field within human geography. Reproduction used to be a traditional topic of a quantitative population geography. More recent geographic work on reproduction, however, is inspired by feminist, Black, postcolonial, and critical theories to address the uneven geographies of access to spaces of reproductive health and justice. Research in the field of reproductive geography increasingly employs an intersectional perspective investigating how questions of reproductive rights intersect with environmental, racial, sexual, and gender justice. While research on intimate geopolitics looks at how reproductive freedom and autonomy are embedded in wider geopolitical, geoeconomic, and biopolitical power relations, reproductive geographies study the spaces, mobilities, and practices of fertility, pregnancy, and birth.
Keynote-Vortrag Deutscher Kongress für Geographie in Kiel 2019
Prof. Dr. Carolin Schurr eröffnet gemeinsam mit Prof. Dr. Peter Weichhart (Universität Wien) den Deutschen Kongress für Geographie in Kiel 2019 mit Ihrem Keynote-Vortrag „From Margin to Center? Theoretische Aufbrüche in der Geographie seit Kiel 1969“
Prof. Dr. Carolin Schurr neu im Editorial Board der Geographica Helvetica
Chinwe Ifejika Speranza (Bern), Martin Müller (Lausanne), Carolin Schurr (Bern) und Karin Schwiter (Zürich) treten dem internationalen Advisory Board der Gerographica Helvetica bei.
Gewinnerinnen des Ashby Preises: Carolin Schurr und Elisabeth Militz
Für das Paper "The affective economy of transnational surrogacy” haben Carolin Schurr und Elisabeth Militz den Ashby prize erhalten. Untenstehend ein Auszug ihres Statements zum Gewinn des Preises:
"In April 2019, I (Carolin) was wandering around in Sacre Coeur Paris, waiting for my mother to finish her visit. We were there, as a happy family, my mum, my three siblings and my 10-month-old baby to celebrate my mum’s 70th birthday. A bit bored, I opened my email. I stumbled. “Ashby Prize.” That must be the call to apply for this honorable prize. I think about Leigh Johnson with whom I shared an office—our “pregnant belly office” as we called it—during her and my first pregnancy in Zurich and who had just been awarded the prize back then for her paper “Index insurance and the articulation of risk-bearing subjects” (2013). Yet, I can’t believe what I read. Us, being awarded the Ashby Prize? For a paper that had taken so many twists and turns? Whose reviewers have been sometimes enthusiastic, but more often quite critical, unconvinced by our attempt to bring geographies of marketization together with affect, emotions, and Sara Ahmed’s critique of the happy family, to understand global family-making with the help of Mexican surrogate mothers? This clearly must be a misunderstanding!"
"Assemblage thinking and actor-network theory: conjunctions, disjunctions, cross-fertilisations"
Das Paper von Carolin Schurr "Assemblage thinking and actor-network theory: conjunctions, disjunctions, cross-fertilisations", Ko-Autor Martin Müller (Université de Lausanne), ist für das zweite Jahr das am meisten heruntergeladene Paper der RGS-IBG Zeitschrift "Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers“. Das Paper hat 4'136 Volltext-Downloads in 2018 bekommen (durchschnittliches Download in 2018 war 147).
This paper shows that assemblage thinking and actor‐network theory (ANT) have much more to gain from each other than debate has so far conceded. Exploring the conjunctions and disjunctions between the two approaches, it proposes three cross‐fertilisations that have implications for understanding three key processes in our socio‐material world: stabilisation, change and affect. First, the conceptual vocabulary of ANT can enrich assemblage thinking with an explicitly spatial account of the ways in which assemblages are drawn together, reach across space and are stabilised. Second, each approach is better attuned to conceptualising a particular kind of change in socio‐material relations: ANT describes change without rupture, or fluidity, whereas assemblage thinking describes change with rupture, or events. Third and last, assemblage thinking could fashion ANT with a greater sensitivity for the productive role of affect in bringing socio‐material relations into being through the production of desire/wish (désir). We demonstrate the implications of these cross‐fertilisations for empirical work through a case study of the global market for assisted reproduction.
Austrittsrede von Branco Weiss Fellow Carolin Schurr
Am Ende ihres fünfjährigen Branco Weiss Fellowships präsentierte Prof. Dr. Carolin Schurr am 20. November 2018 die Forschungsresultate ihrer Langzeitstudie über den globalen Leihmutterschaftsmarkt auf dem jährlichen Branco Weiss Symposium der ETH Zürich.
Radiointerview mit Carolin Schurr über Leihmutterschaften (Spanisch)
Carolin Schurr sprach mit dem Sender RFI über Leihmutterschaften, den Wunsch Eltern zu werden und die Kommerzialisierung von Frauen. Das auf Spanisch geführte Interview kann online nachgehört werden.
Multiple mobilities in Mexico’s fertility industry
Schurr, Carolin. Multiple mobilities in Mexico’s fertility industry, Mobilities (2018): 1-17.
How can we conceptualize travel in search of fertility treatment? While current research on transnational reproduction mostly conceptualizes mobility as horizontal movement from A to B, this article shows how horizontal mobilities converge, contradict, and are interdependent with other forms of mobility; namely vertical mobilities in terms of social upward and downward mobility, representational mobilities in form of imaginative geographies, and the actual embodied experiences of mobility. Based on ethnographic research on the reproductive tourism industry in Mexico, the article explores the multiplicity of mobilities that constitute transnational reproduction. The article evaluates how the concept of multiple mobilities contributes to the study of medical tourism from a critical mobilities’ perspective.
Carolin Schurr neu im Editorial Board von 'Gender, Place and Culture'
Seit August 2018 ist Carolin Schurr Mitglied im Editorial Board von Gender, Place and Culture: A journal of feminist geography.
The Baby Business Booms
Schurr, Carolin. ‘The Baby Business Booms: Economic Geographies of Assisted Reproduction’. Geography Compass, online first.
This paper explores how reproductive life has changed through the development, transnational spread, and commercialization of assisted reproductive technologies (in vitro fertilization, gamete donation, and surrogacy). (Economic) geography has been slow to take up the vibrant debates in anthropology, sociology, gender studies, and other neighboring disciplines on assisted reproductive technologies and their effects on society, kinship, and reproduction. In this paper, I argue that an analysis of the fast‐growing transnational market of assisted reproduction has much to gain from economic geographies with their interest in the making of markets across borders and feminist economic geographers' engagement with how new forms of gendered and racialized divisions of labor intersect with particular economic, cultural, political, and social contexts. I discuss literature on assisted reproductive technologies and their transnational economies against the background of these two issues—the transnational making of fertility markets and the global division of reproductive labor along axes of gender, race, class, and nationality. The conclusion points out the need for articulating geographies of assisted reproduction that integrate a geographic perspective into the study of assisted reproductive technologies and reproductive economic geographies that push the boundaries of economic geography towards the economies of (assisted) reproduction.