Prof. Dr. Olivia Romppainen-Martius

Unit Leader Climate Impacts

Climate Impact Research

+41 31 631 33 37
Postal Address
University of Bern
Institute of Geography
Climate Impacts
Hallerstrasse 12
CH-3012 Bern

Dynamics of short-term climate variation
Dynamics, forecasting and statistics of high-impact weather events
Dynamics of midlatitude weather systems

All publications of Olivia Martius are listed in the University of Bern BORIS or here.



E. Madonna, D. Ginsbourger, O. Martius (2018)
A Poisson regression approach to model monthly hail occurrence in Northern Switzerland using large-scale environmental variables
Atmos. Res.,, in press

M. Röthlisberger, O. Martius, H. Wernli (2018)
Northern Hemisphere Rossby wave Initiation events on the extratropical jet - a climatological analysis
J. Clim.;, in press

L. Keller, O. Rössler, O. Martius, R. Weingartner (2018)
Delineation of flood generating processes and their hydrological response
Hydrological Processes. 2017;1–13.

O. Martius, A. Hering, M. Kunz, A. Manzato, S. Mohr, L. Nisi, S. Trefalt (2018)
Challenges and recent Advances in Hail Research-A report from the 2nd European Hail Workshop
B. American Meteor. Soc., in press,


P.D. Williams, M.J. Alexander, E.A. Barnes, A.H. Butler, H.C. Davies, C.I. Garfinkel, Y. Kushnir, T.P. Lane, J.K. Lundquist, O.Martius, R.N. Maue, W.R. Peltier, K. Sato, A.A. Scaife, C. Zhang (2017)
A census of atmospheric variability from seconds to decades
Geophys. Res. Letts., 44, 11,201–11,211. DOI:

A. Schneidereit, D. Peters, C. Grams, J. Quinting, J. Keller, G. Wolf, F. Teubler, M. Riemer, O. Martius (2017)
Enhanced Tropospheric Wave Forcing of Two Anticyclones in the Prephase of the January 2009 Major Stratospheric Sudden Warming Event
Mon. Wea. Rev., DOI:

S. Schemm, M. Sprenger, O. Martius, H. Wernli, M. Zimmer (2017)
Increase in the number of extremely strong fronts over Europe? A study based on ERA‐Interim reanalysis (1979–2014)
Geophys. Res. Lett. 44, 553-561

L.A. Quandt, J.H. Keller, O. Martius, S.C. Jones (2017)
Forecast Variability of the Blocking System over Russia in Summer 2010 and Its Impact on Surface Conditions
Wea. Forecast, 32, 61-82


P. Froidevaux and O. Martius (2016)
Exceptional integrated vapour transport toward orography: an important precursor to severe floods in Switzerland
Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., Volume 142, Issue 698, July 2016, Part A, pp. 1997–2012

P. Giannakaki and O. Martius (2016)
Synoptic-Scale Flow Structures Associated with Extreme Precipitation Events in Northern Switzerland
Int. J. of Clim., Volume 36, Issue 6, May 2016, pp. 2497–2515 doi: 10.1002/joc.4508

P. Giannakaki and O. Martius (2016)
An Object-Based Forecast Verification Tool for Synoptic-Scale Rossby Waveguides
Wea. Forecast., Volume 31, June 2016, pp. 937-946, DOI:

L. Nisi, O. Martius, A. Hering, M. Kunz, U. Germann (2016)
Spatial and temporal distribution of hailstorms in the Alpine region: a long-term, high resolution, radar-based analysis
Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., Volume 142, Issue 697, April 2016 Part B, pp. 1590–1604

M. Röthlisberger, O. Martius, H. Wernli (2016)
An algorithm for identifying the initiation of synoptic-scale Rossby waves on PV waveguides
Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., Volume 142, Issue 695, pp. 889-900, doi: 10.1002/qj.2690

M. Röthlisberger, S. Pfahl, O. Martius (2016)
Regional-scale jet waviness modulates the occurrence of mid-latitude weather extremes
Geophysical Research Letters, DOI: 10.1002/2016GL070944, accepted

S. Schemm, L. Nisi, A. Martinov, D. Leuenberger and O. Martius (2016)
On the link between cold fronts and hail in Switzerland
Atmospheric Science Letters, Volume 17, Issue 5, May 2016, pp. 315–325, doi: 10.1002/asl.660

P. Stucki, S. Dierer, C. Welker, J.J. Gómez-Navarro, C.C. Raible, O. Martius, and S. Brönnimann (2016)
Evaluation of downscaled wind speeds and parameterised gusts for recent and historical windstorms in Switzerland
Tellus A 2016, 68, 31820. doi:10.3402/tellusa.v68.31820

H. Suter, L. Thomi, R. Kern, M. Künzler, C. Gusterer, A. Zischg, R. Weingartner, O. Martius and M. Keiler (2016)
Was macht Hochwasserschutzprojekte erfolgreich? Eine Evaluation von Projektablauf und Risiko basierend auf den Perspektiven Schweizer Gemeinden
In: 13th Congress INTERPRAEVENT 2016, 30 May to 2 June 2016, Lucerne, Switzerland, Conference proceedings, pp. 159–167

C. Welker, O. Martius, P. Stucki, D. Bresch, S. Dierer, S. Brönnimann (2016)
Modelling economic losses of historic and present-day high-impact winter windstorms in Switzerland
Tellus A 2016, 68, 29546, doi: 10.3402/tellusa.v68.29546

A. Zischg, G. Felder, R. Weingartner, J.J. Gómez-Navarro, V. Röthlisberger, D. Bernet, O. Rössler, C. Raible, M. Keiler and O. Martius (2016) M-AARE - Coupling atmospheric, hydrological, hydrodynamic and damage models in the Aare river basin, Switzerland
In: 13th Congress INTERPRAEVENT 2016, 30 May to 2 June 2016, Lucerne, Switzerland, Conference proceedings, pp. 444–451






Y. Barton, P. Giannakaki, H. von Waldow, C. Chevalier, S. Pfahl and O. Martius (2015)
Clustering of Regional-Scale Extreme Precepitation Events in Southern Switzerland
Monthly Weather Review, doi:, in press

F. Cossu, K. Hocke, A. Martynov, O. Martius, C. Mätzler (2015)
Atmospheric water parameters measured by a ground-based microwave radiometer and compared with the WRF model.
Atmospheric Science Letters, 16(4), S. 465-472. doi: 10.1002/asl.583

P. Froidevaux, J. Schwanbeck, R. Weingartner, C. Chevalier, O. Martius (2015)
Flood Triggering in Switzerland: The Role of Daily to Monthly Preceding Precipitation
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 19:3903–3924, doi:10.5194/hess-19-3903-2015

M. Jacques-Coper, S. Brönnimann, O. Martius, C.S. Vera, S.B. Cerne (2015)
Summer Heat Waves in Southeastern Patagonia:  An Analysis Of The Intraseasonal Timescale
Int. J. of Clim., pp 1-16, doi:10.1002/joc.4430

M. Jacques-Coper, S. Brönnimann, O. Martius, C.S. Vera, S.B. Cerne (2015)
Evidence for a Modulation of the Intraseasonal Summer Temperature in Eastern Patagonia by the Madden-Julian Oscillation.
Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, doi:10.1002/2014JD022924

O. Martius, M. Kunz., L. Nisi, A. Hering (2015)
Conference Report 1st European HailWorkshop
Met. Zeitschrift. 24, 4: 441-442. doi: 10.1127/metz/2015/0667

P. Stucki, S. Brönnimann, O. Martius, C. Welker, R. Rickli, S. Dierer, D.N. Bresch, G.P. Compo and P.D. Sardeshmukh (2015)
Dynamical Downscaling and Loss Modeling for the Reconstruction of Historical Weather Extremes and their Impacts - A Severe Foehn Storm in 1925
Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96, pp. 1233–1241, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00041.1



S. Brönnimann, O. Martius, S. Dierer (2014)
Die Wetter-Zeitmaschine
Physik in unserer Zeit, 45, 2, 84-99, doi:10.1002/piuz.201301351

E. Madonna, H. Wernli, H. Joos and O. Martius (2014)
Warm Conveyor Belts in the ERA-Interim Data Set (1979-2010). Part I: Climatology and Potential Vorticity Evolution
J. of Climate, 27, 1, 3-26

O. Martius (2014)
A Lagrangian Analysis of the Northern Hemisphere Subtropical Jet
J. Atmos. Science., 71, 7, 2354-2369, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-13-0329.1

O. Rössler, P. Froidevaux, U. Börst, R. Rickli, O. Martius and R. Weingartner (2014)
Retrospective Analysis of a Nonforecasted Rain-on-snow Flood in the Alps – A Matter of Model Limitations or Unpredictable Nature?
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18:2265–2285, doi:10.5194/hess-18-2265-2014

P. Stucki, S. Brönnimann, O. Martius, C. Welker, M. Imhof, N. von Wattenwyl and N. Philipp (2014)
A Catalog of High-impact Windstorms in Switzerland Since 1859
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 2867-2882, doi: 10.5194/nhess-14-2867-2014

C. Welker, O. Martius, P. Froidevaux, C. H. Reijmer and, H. Fischer (2014)
A Climatological Analysis of High Precipitation Events in Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica, and Associated Large-scale Atmospheric Conditions
J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, 11,932-11,954

C. Welker and O. Martius (2014)
Large-scale Atmospheric Flow Conditions and Sea Surface Temperatures Associated with Hazardous Winds in Switzerland
Clim. Dyn., doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2404-1



A. Beguin, O. Martius, M. Sprenger, D. Folini, P. Spichtinger and H. Wernli (2013)
Feature-Based Validation of Tropopause Level Rossby Wave Breaking in the ECHAM5-HAM Climate Model
Int. J. Clim., 33, 14, 3073-3082

K. Hocke, S. Studer, O. Martius et al. (2013)
A 20-day Period Standing Oscillation in the Northern Winter Stratosphere
Annales Geophysicae, 31, 755-764, doi: 10.5194/angeo-31-755-2013

H. Lu, C. Franzke, O. Martius, M.J. Jarvis and T. Phillips (2013)
Solar Wind Dynamic Pressure Effect on Planetary Wave Propagation and Synoptic-Scale Rossby Wave Breaking
J. Geophys. Res. D: Atmospheres, 118, 4476-4493

O. Martius, H. Sodemann, H. Joos, S. Pfahl, A. Winschall, M. Croci-Maspoli, M. Graf, E. Madonna, B. Mueller, S. Schemm, J. Sedláček, M. Sprenger and H. Wernli (2013)
Upper-Level Dynamics and Surface Processes for the Pakistan Flood in July 2010
Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 139, 1780-1797

R. McTaggart-Cowan, T. Galarneau Jr., L. Bosart, R. Moore and O. Martius (2013)
A Global Climatology of Baroclinically Influenced Tropical Cyclogenesis
Mon. Wea. Rev., 141, 1963-1989

O. Rössler, P. Froidevaux, U. Börst, R. Rickli, O. Martius, and R. Weingartner (2013)
Retrospective Analysis of a Non-Forecasted Rain-on-Snow Flood in the Alps: A Matter of Model-Limitations or Unpredictable Nature?
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 10, 12861-12904

C. Welker and O. Martius (2013)
Decadal-Scale Variability in Hazardous Winds in Northern Switzerland since end of the 19th Century
Atmos. Sci. Lett., doi: 10.1002/asl2.467



S. Broennimann, O. Martius, H. von Waldow, C. Welker, J. Luterbacher, G.P. Compo, P.D. Sardeshmukh, T. Usbeck (2012)
Extreme Winds at Northern Mid-Latitudes since 1871
Meteorol. Z., 21, 13-27, doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2012/0337

F.G. Kuglitsch, R. Auchmann, R. Bleisch, S. Broennimann, O. Martius and M. Stewart (2012)
Break Detection of Annual Swiss Temperature Series
J. Geophys. Res., 117, D13105, doi:10.1029/2012JD017729

I. Mahlstein, O. Martius, C. Chevalier and D. Ginsbourger (2012)
Changes in the Odds of Extreme Events in the Atlantic Basin Depending on the Position of the Extratropical Jet 
Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L22805, doi: 10.1029/2012GL053993

O. Martius and H. Wernli (2012)
A Trajectory-Based Investigation of Physical and Dynamical Processes That Govern the Temporal Evolution of the Subtropical Jet Streams over Africa
J. Atmos. Sci., 69, 1602-1616, DOI: 10.1175/JAS-D-11-0190.1

J. Sedláček, R. Knutti, O. Martius and U. Beyerle (2012)
Impact of a Reduced Arctic Sea-Ice Cover on Ocean and Atmospheric Properties
J. Clim., 25, 307-319

M. Sprenger, O. Martius and J. Arnold (2012)
Cold Surge Episodes over Southeastern Brazil - A Potential Vorticity Perspective 
Int. J. Climatol. 33, 2758-2767

P. Stucki, R. Rickli, S. Brönnimann, O. Martius, H. Wanner, D. Grebner and J. Luterbacher (2012)
Weather Patterns and Hydro-Climatological Precursors of Extreme Floods in Switzerland since 1868
Meteorol. Z., 21, 531-550, doi: 10.1127/0941-2948/2012/368



C. Franzke, T. Woollings and O. Martius (2011)
Persistent Circulation Regimes and Preferred Regime Transitions in the North Atlantic
J. Atmos. Sci., 68, 2809-2825

I. Glatt, A. Doerbrack, S. Jones, J. Keller, O. Martius, A. Mueller, D. Peters and V. Wirth (2011)
Rossby Wave Train Diagnostics: An Intercomparison of Different Methods
Tellus, 63, 991-1006

J. Sedláček, O. Martius and R. Knutti (2011)
Influence of Subtropical and Polar Sea-Surface Temperature Anomalies on Temperatures in Eurasia
Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2011GL047764



O. Martius, C. Schwierz and H.C. Davies (2010)
Tropopause Level Jet Wave-Guides
J. Atmos. Sci., 67, 866 - 878

R. W. Moore, O. Martius and T. Spengler (2010)
The Modulation of the Subtropical and Extratropical Atmosphere in the Pacific Basin in Response to the Madden Julian Oscillation
Mon. Wea. Rev., 138, 2761–2779

L. Schlemmer, O. Martius, M. Sprenger, C. Schwierz, and A. Twitchett (2010)
Disentangling the Forcing Mechanisms of a Heavy Precipitation Event along the Alpine South Side Using Potential Vorticity Inversion
Mon. Wea. Rev., 138 2336-2353



O. Martius, L.M. Polvani and H.C. Davies (2009)
Blocking Precursors to Stratospheric Warming Events
Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2009GL038776, L14806



A.M. Altenhoff, O. Martius, M. Croci-Maspoli, H.C. Davies (2008)
Linkage of Atmospheric Blocks and Synoptic-Scale Rossby Waves: A Climatological Analysis
Tellus, 60A, 1053-1063

F. Isotta, O. Martius, M. Sprenger and C. Schwierz (2008)
Long-Term Trends of Synoptic-Scale Breaking Rossby Waves in the Northern Hemisphere between 1958 and 2001
Int. J. Clim., 28, 1551-1562

O. Martius, C. Schwierz and M. Sprenger (2008)
Dynamical Tropopause Variability and Potential Vorticity Streamers on the Northern Hemisphere – A Climatological Analysis
Adv. Atmos. Sci., 25, 367-379

R.W. Moore, O. Martius and H.C. Davies (2008)
Downstream Development and Kona Low Genesis
Geophys. Res. Lett., DOI:10.1029/2008GL035502



O. Martius, C. Schwierz and H.C. Davies (2007)
Breaking Waves at the Tropopause in the Wintertime Northern Hemisphere: Climatological Analyses of the Orientation and the Theoretical LC1/2 Classification
J. Atmos. Sci., 64, 2576-2592



K.P. Hoinka, C. Schwierz and O. Martius (2006)
Synoptic-Scale Weather Patterns during Alpine Heavy Rain Events
Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 132, 2853-2860

O. Martius, E. Zenklusen, C. Schwierz and H.C. Davies (2006)
Episodes of Heavy Alpine Precipitation with an Overlying Elongated Stratospheric Intrusion: A Climatology
Int. J. Clim., 26, 1149-1164

O. Martius, C. Schwierz and H.C. Davies (2006)
A Refined Hovmöller Diagram
Tellus, 2, 221-226



O. Martius (2005)
Climatological Aspects of Wave Disturbances on the Tropopause and Links to Extreme Weather in Europe
Diss. ETH No. 16152



M. I. Hegglin, D. Brunner, H. Wernli, C. Schwierz, O. Martius, P. Hoor, H. Fischer, U. Parchatka, N. Spelten, C. Schiller, M. Kresbach, U. Weers, J. Staehelin and T. Peter (2004)
Tracing Troposphere-to-Stratosphere Transport above a Mid-Latitude Deep Convective System
Atm. Chem. Phys. 4, 714-756 [LINK]