Spatial development is the result of interaction between the public sector and the private actors (esp. investors and land owners). To understand the specific spatial development it is necessary to understand the negotiation processes between these actors, whereby especially the positions of power should be analyzed. Here public law (esp. planning law) plays an important part. However, crucial are also the property rights (civil law). The distribution of these political resources explains fundamental differences, which can be observed between planning policy targets and the actual spatial development. This research approach is subsumed under the term "land policy.
A precise definition of the term as well as a scientific derivation can be found in the following publication:
A more detailed overview of land policy strategies can be found in the edited book published in spring 2018, which analyses 13 land policy instruments in 19 countries and, with its structure (main article plus commentaries from the perspective of two other countries), highlights and discusses the international debate on these issues. Link to the publisher
More information on the GoverDENSE project can be found under this link.
From an academic perspective, however, there is a lack of a) an overview of these diverse approaches on local level and b) an assessment of their actual effectiveness. The second home problem also occurs in other geographical areas, such as the Austrian Alps or the German North Sea coasts - and political and legal solutions are also being pursued there. Therefore, c) an international comparison is also obvious (within DACH-countries, Germany, Austria and Switzerland).
What is special about this book is that each instrument is analysed in a main article and additionally commented from the perspective of two other countries.
Andreas Hengstermann (PhD-Student, University of Bern
You will find additional information on the homepage of OECD.
Conference schedule: 15 - 19 February 2016
It was a great conference with a lot of good discussions, speeches and meetings.
We are looking forward to the next PLPR conference that will take place in Hong Kong in February 2017.
Prof. Jean-David Gerber, Head of Scientific Committee
Assistant Professor of Urban & Regional Planning,
University of Bern
Prof. Olivier Crevoisier
Professor, Institut of Sociology, University of Neuchatel
Prof. Jacques Dubey
Professor, Chair of Constitutional Law, University of Fribourg
Prof. Heike Mayer
Professor of Economic Geography, University of Bern
Andreas Hengstermann, Head of Organizing Committee
Valérie Fux, Head of Student Assistants
Therese Jost, Administrative support
Ben Davy (president)
Richard Norton (vice-president)
Michael Kolocek (secretary-general)
Cygal Pellach (PhD coordinator)
Eran Kaplinski (appointed liason for North America)
John Sheehan (Pacific Rim representative)
Sony Pellissery (South-West Asia representative)
Kostas Lalenis (host of the 2015 Volos conference)
Jean-David Gerber & Andreas Hengstermann (hosts of the 2016 Bern conference)
More information about PLPR ExCo on PLPR Website.
Jessica Biedermann, David Bumann, Stefan Häderli, Fabienne Herzog, Johannes Jud, Kevin Klopfenstein, Sarah Märki, Sybille Vogel, and Tamara Wüthrich.
The proposed research is broadly positioned within the critical literature on New Public Management that examines the impacts of the new managerial models on social, economic and environmental sustainability. It draws upon an emerging trend in critical geography (political ecology) to revive the debates on the importance of property rights to understand spatial development.