Dr Sarwar is a postdoctoral researcher (Marie Curie Fellow) at the Institute of Geography, University of Bern, Switzerland. His research aims to define the limits of sustainability by understanding the complex dynamics between social and ecological systems. He holds a PhD (2016) in geography and environment from the University of Southampton, UK and MSc (2012) in environmental sciences from Wageningen University, The Netherlands.
Areas of professional focus:
- Social-ecological systems
- System dynamic modelling and integrated modelling
- Ecosystem Services and human well-being
- Boundaries for sustainable development, tipping point, Safe and just operating space
- Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
- Interdisciplinary research and sustainability challenges in Kenya, Bangladesh, Switzerland, Australia, and Poland
Further professional interests
- Climate change (Impacts and Adaptation)
- Complexity science
- Environment and development
- Water resources management and poverty
Exploring pathways for transformation to sustainability using the safe and just operating space concept at the regional level (SUccESS): (Feb, 2019 Feb – Jan 2021)
Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellowships 2018, European Commission
System dynamics modelling of social-ecological systems
This course aims to improve understanding about system thinking and system dynamic modelling, applied to social-ecological systems, through hands-on training on modelling using a system dynamics software and interactive group activities.
System thinking and system dynamic modelling will be applied to selected themes related to sustainable management of land and land systems, including natural resources. Students will read about, elaborate, and present results from exercises using system dynamics.
Geodata analysis and modelling (Guest Lecture, System dynamics modelling)
The analysis of data and modelling of natural processes are gaining importance in research and practice. Models that simulate can help to identify study and describe connections and interrelations of factors influencing natural and human systems in an increasingly complex environment.
Challenges in geography
Inter- and transdisciplinary analysis of complex social-ecological problems is central in research for sustainable development. The course deals with current challenges in theories, research and discourses of geography. It covers two semesters and involves all Units of the Institute of Geography. Presentations and discussions on the challenges in geography depart from and evolve around the four research clusters of the Institute e.g. in the context of the sustainaility debate.
Geography and Environment, University of Southampton 2013-2016.
- GEOG2032 Global Climate Change: Science, Impacts and Policy (Guest lecture)
- GEOG1010 Geographical, Quantitative and Field Skills (Teaching Assistant)
- GEOG1011 Dangerous world (Guest lecture)
Soil carbon management and Social-ecological systems
River restoration in ecosystem services perspective
System dynamics modelling for agro-ecosystem functioning and services (Visiting Ph.D. student from Stellenbosch University, South Africa)
Sohel, Sarwar; Ifejika Speranza, Chinwe (2020). Challenges and opportunities for operationalizing the safe and just operating space concept at regional scale. International journal of sustainable development & world ecology, 27(1), pp. 40-54. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/13504509.2019.1683645
Sohel, Sarwar; Ramirez, Jorge Alberto; Szabo, Sylvia; Eigenbrod, Felix; Johnson, Fiifi Amoako; Ifejika Speranza, Chinwe; Dearing, John A (2020). Participatory modelling for conceptualizing social-ecological system dynamics in the Bangladesh delta. Regional environmental change, 20(1) Springer 10.1007/s10113-020-01599-5
Jendoubi, Donia; Hossain, Md Sarwar; Giger, Markus; Tomićević-Dubljević, Jelena; Ouessar, Mohamed; Liniger, Hanspeter; Ifejika Speranza, Chinwe (2020). Local livelihoods and land users’ perceptions of land degradation in northwest Tunisia. Environmental development, 33, p. 100507. Elsevier 10.1016/j.envdev.2020.100507
Amin, M.N., Hossain, M.S., Lobry de Bruyn, L., Wilson, B. (2019). Systematic review of soil carbon management and the need for social-ecological systems framework in Australian agriculture. Science of The Total environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135182
Sohel, Sarwar; Pogue, Sarah J.; Trenchard, Liz; Van Oudenhoven, Alexander P.E.; Washbourne, Carla-Leanne; Muirui, Evalyne W.; Tomczyk, Aleksandra M.; Garcia-Llorente, Marina; Hale, Rachel; Hevia, Violeta; Adams, Tom; Tavallali, Leila; de Bell, Sian; Pye, Marian; Resende, Fernando (2018). Identifying future research directions for biodiversity, ecosystem services and sustainability: perspectives from early-career researchers. International journal of sustainable development & world ecology, 25(3), pp. 249-261. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/13504509.2017.1361480
Szabo, Sylvia; Sohel, Sarwar; Renaud, Fabrice; Traore, Djaffra; Hussain, Abid; , ; Ahmad, Sate; Singh, Devendra Raj; Neumann, Barbara; Matthews, Zoë (2018). Accelerating Progress Toward the Zero Hunger Goal in Cross-Boundary Climate Change Hotspots. Environment : science and policy for sustainable development, 60(3), pp. 18-27. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/00139157.2018.1449530
Whitehead, Paul; Bussi, Gianbattista; Hossain, Mohammed Abed; Dolk, Michaela; Das, Partho; Comber, Sean; Peters, Rebecca; Charles, Katrina J; Hope, Rob; Hossain, Sarwar (2018). Restoring water quality in the polluted Turag-Tongi-Balu river system, Dhaka: Modelling nutrient and total coliform intervention strategies. Science of the total environment, 631-632, pp. 223-232. Elsevier 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.03.038
Zhang, W., Gowdy, J., Bassi, A.M., Santamaria, M., DeClerck, F., Adegboyega, A., Andersson, G.K.S., Augustyn, A.M., Bawden, R., Bell, A., Darknhofer, I., Dearing, J., Dyke, J., Failler, P., Galetto, L., Hernández, C.C., Johnson, P., Jones, S.K., Kleppel, G., Komarek, A.M., Latawiec, A., Mateus, R., McVittie, A., Ortega, E., Phelps, D., Ringler, C., Sanga, K.K., Schaafsma, M., Scherr, S., Sohel, Md S.H., Thorn, J.P.R., Tyack, N., Vaessen, T., Viglizzo, E., Walker, D., Willemen, L. and Wood, S.L.R. (2018) Systems thinking: an approach for understanding ‘eco-agri-food systems’. In, The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB): TEEB for Agriculture & Food: Scientific and Economic Foundations. Geneva.
Dearing, John A.; Hossain, Md. Sarwar (2018). Recent Trends in Ecosystem Services in Coastal Bangladesh. In: Ecosystem Services for Well-Being in Deltas (pp. 93-114). Cham: Springer Nature 10.1007/978-3-319-71093-8_5
Hossain MS, Dearing JA, Eigenbrod F, Johnson FA (2017) Operationalizing safe operating space for regional social-ecological systems. Science of The Total Environment http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.01.095
Hossain MS, Dearing JA, Johnson FA, Eigenbrod F (In press) Participatory modelling as the basis for conceptual system dynamic modelling of social-ecological system in Bangladesh delta. South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics (SANDEE). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/312646149_Operationalizing_safe_operating_space_for_regional_social-ecological_systems
Hossain MS and Sazbo S (2017) Understanding the socio-ecological system of wetlands. In: Prusty BA, Chandra R, Azeez PA (ed.) Wetlands Science: Perspective from South Asia. Springer nature. DOI 10.1007/978-81-322-3715-0_15
Hossain MS, Kabir A, Nargis P (2017) Climate Change impacts and adaptation in wetlands. In: Prusty BA, Chandra R, Azeez PA (ed.) Wetlands Science: Perspective from South Asia. Springer nature. DOI 10.1007/978-81-322-3715-0_15
Hossain MS, Eigenbrod F, Johnson FA, Dearing JA (2016) Unravelling the interrelationships between ecosystem services and human wellbeing in the Bangladesh delta. Int. J. Sustain. Dev. World Ecol. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13504509.2016.1182087
Barbosa CCA, Dearing J, Szabo S, Hossain MS, Binh NT, Nhan DK, Matthews Z (2016) Evolutionary social and bio geophysical changes in the Amazon, Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Mekong deltas. 2016. Journal on Sustainability Science. DOI 10.1007/s11625-016-0371-7
Hossain MS, Dearing JA, Eigenbrod F, Johnson FA (2016) Recent trends of human wellbeing in the Bangladesh delta. Environ. Dev. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envdev.2015.09.008
Speera JH, Bräuningb A, Pourtahmasid QZKP, Gairee NP, Dawadig B, Ranae P, Dhakalj YR, Acharyag RH, Adhikarig DL, Adhikarih S, Aryali PC, Bagaleg D, Baniyaj B, Bhandarif S, Dahale N, Dahali S, Ganbaatark N, Girie A, Gurungl DB, Khandul Y, Maharjang B, Maharjang R, Malikm RA, Nathn CD, Nepalg B, Ngomao J, Pantf R, Pathakp ML, Paudelg H, Sharmai B, Hossain MS, Soronzonbold BS, Swer T, Thapaf I, Tiwaris A (2016) Pinus roxburghii stand dynamics at a heavily impacted site in Nepal: Research through an educational fieldweek. Dendrochronologia. DOI:10.1016/j.dendro.2016.01.005
Willcock S, Hossain MS, Poppy G (2016) Managing complex systems to enhance sustainability. In: Solan M and Whiteley N (ed.) Stressors in the marine environment: physiological and ecological responses and societal implications. Oxford University Press. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/303049060_Evolutionary_social_and_biogeophysical_changes_in_the_Amazon_Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna_and_Mekong_deltas
Szabo A, Hossain MS, Matthews Z, Ahmed S, Lazar AN, Adger WN, Ahmad S (2015) Soil salinity, household wealth and food insecurity in tropical deltas: evidence from south-west coast of Bangladesh. Sustainability Science DOI: 10.1007/s11625-015-0337-1
Szabo SM, Renaud FG, Hossain MS, Sebesvári Z, Matthews Z, Foufoula-Georgiou E, Nicholls RJ (2015) Sustainable Development Goals Offer New Opportunities for Tropical Delta Regions. Environment Science and Policy for Sustainable Development. 57(4):16-23. DOI:10.1080/00139157.2015.1048142
Hossain MS, Dearing JA, Rahman MM, Salehin M (2015) Recent changes in ecosystem services and human wellbeing in the coastal zone. Reg. Environ. Chang. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10113-014-0748-z
Dearing JA, Wang R, Zhang K, Dyke JG, Haberl H, Hossain MS, Langdon PG, Lenton TM, Raworth K, Brown S, Carstensen J, Cole MJ, Cornell SE, Dawson TP, Doncaster CP, Eigenbrod F, Flörken M, Jeffers E, Mackay AS, Nykvist B, Poppy GM (2014) Safe and just operating spaces for regional social-ecological system. Glob Environ Change 28:227–238. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2014.06.012
Hossain MS, Roy K, Datta D (2014) Spatial and temporal rainfall variability of rainfall over the south west coast of Bangladesh. Climate 2(2):28–46. doi:10.3390/cli2020028
Hossain MS, Hein L, Rip F, Dearing J (2013) Integrating ecosystem services and climate change responses in coastal wetlands developments plans for Bangladesh. Mitig Adapt Strat Glob Change. doi:10.1007/s11027-013-9489-4
Hossain MS, Dearing JA (2013) Recent trends of ecosystem services and human well-being in the Bangladesh coastal zone. Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) Deltas Fast Track Report 3. ESPA delta.
Hossain MS and Roy K (2011) Community Based Risk Assessment and Adaptation to Climate Change in the Coastal Wetlands of Bangladesh. International Journal on Bangladesh Environment 2(2): 96-105. http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/349553
Hossain MS (2010) Climate Error: Misconceiving the Development Issue (A Hardline View of the Water Resource Management Project of ADB in Bangladesh). NGO Forum on ADB, Manila, Philippine
Hossain MS, Roy K, Hauqe M and Khan M (2010) Climate Change and Development: A Research on Mainstreaming of Climate Change in National Policy Development using Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in Water Resource Management at Narail, Bangladesh. Ulashi Sreejony Sangha (USS) and NGO Forum On ADB.
Hossain MS, Roy K (2010) Wetland and Climate Change Adaptation. 2010. Ulashi Sreejony Sangha (USS), Jessore, Bangladesh and Action Aid Bangladesh. ISBN 978-984-33-1676-9.
Network & Media
Risk & Resilience Cluster, Institute of Geography, University of Bern
NRG BESS (Next Research Generation BESS: Early career network for the NERC Biodiversity & Ecosystem Service Sustainability) – Prime movers
- Organized First NRG BESS conference `Early Career Researcher Conference 2014 – Biodiversity, Ecosystem Services and Sustainability
- Conference organizer, fund raiser, moderator of one session
Seven Marie Curie Fellowships for the University of Bern, University of Bern
The Bangladesh coastal zone: Improvements in human well-being have come at an unsustainable environmental cost at one of the world's most climate vulnerable regions, ESPA (Ecosystem services for poverty alleviation)
Research gate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Md_Sarwar_Hossain
Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=GSE4O4YAAAAJ&hl=en
2016 PhD in Geography and Environment
Geography and Environment, University of Southampton United Kingdom
April-May 2014 Visiting researcher, System dynamic modelling, University of Bergen Norway
2012 MSc in Environmental Sciences
Wageningen University, The Netherlands.
Oct 2016 - Jan 2017 Postdoc; Poverty and Ecosystem, Belmont Forum DELTAS. Geography and Environment, and Social Sciences: Social Statistics & Demography, University of Southampton United Kingdom
March 2015 - Jan,2016 Research Fellow-PhD dissertation support fund- SANDEE (South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics). Participatory modelling as the basis for modelling social-ecological systems.
May - Sept 2012 Research assistant. ESPA delta (Assessing health, livelihoods, ecosystem services and poverty alleviation in populous deltas), CO-PI Professor John Dearing, Geography and Environment, University of Southampton