Publications

Latest publications

Brönnimann, Stefan; Wintzer, Jeannine (2018) Climate Data Empathy. WIREs Climate Change, doi: 10.1002/wcc.559

Brönnimann, Stefan; Brugnara, Yuri; Allan, Rob J.; Brunet, Manola; Compo, Gilbert P.; Crouthamel, Richard I.; Jones, Philip D.; Jourdain, Sylvie; Luterbacher, Jürg; Siegmund, Peter; Valente, Maria Antónia; Wilkinson, Clive W. (2018) A roadmap to climate data rescue services. Geoscience Data Journal, 5(1), pp. 28-39. Royal Meteorological Society, doi: 10.1002/gdj3.56

Squintu, Antonello Angelo; van der Schrier, Gerard; Brugnara, Yuri; Klein Tank, Albert (2018) Homogenization of daily ECA&D temperature series (In Press). International Journal of Climatology Royal Meteorological Society, doi: 10.1002/joc.5874

Delaygue, Gilles; Brönnimann, Stefan; Jones, Philip D.; Blanchet, Juliette; Schwander, Mikhaël (2018) Reconstruction of Lamb weather type series back to the eighteenth century (In Press). Climate Dynamics Springer Berlin Heidelberg, doi: 10.1007/s00382-018-4506-7

Stucki, Peter; Bandhauer, Moritz; Heikkilä, Ulla; Rössler, Ole Kristen; Zappa, Massimiliano; Pfister, Lucas Martin; Salvisberg, Melanie; Froidevaux, Paul Arnaud; Romppainen-Martius, Olivia; Panziera, Luca; Brönnimann, Stefan (2018) Reconstruction and simulation of an extreme flood event in the Lago Maggiore catchment in 1868. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 18(10), pp. 2717-2739, doi: 10.5194/nhess-18-2717-2018

Auchmann, R., Y. Brugnara, T. Rutishauser, S. Brönnimann, R. Gehrig, B. Pietragalla, M. Begert, C. Sigg, V. Knechtl, B. Calpini and T. Konzelmann (2018) Quality Analysis and Classification of Data Series from the Swiss Phenology Network, Technical Report MeteoSwiss, 271, 77 pp.

Brönnimann, Stefan; Martius, Olivia; Rohr, Christian; Bresch, David N.; Lin, Kuan‐Hui Elaine (2018) Historical weather data for climate risk assessment. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, doi: 10.1111/nyas.13966

Oberlack, C., S. Boillat, S. Brönnimann, J.-D. Gerber, A. Heinimann, P. Messerli, S. Rist, C. Ifejika Speranza, U. Wiesmann (2017) Polycentric governance in telecoupled resource systems. Ecology & Society, 23(10), 16, doi: 10.5751/ES-09902-230116

Horton, P.; S. Brönnimann (2018) Impact of global atmospheric reanalyses on statistical precipitation downscaling. Clim. Dyn., doi: 10.1007/s00382-018-4442-6

Brönnimann, S., C. Rohr, P. Stucki, S. Summermatter, M. Bandhauer, Y. Barton, A. Fischer, P. Froidevaux, U. Germann, M. Grosjean, F. Hupfer, K. Ingold, F. Isotta, M. Keiler, O. Martius, M. Messmer, R. Mülchi, L. Panziera, L. Pfister, C. C. Raible, T. Reist, O. Rössler, V. Röthlisberger, S. Scherrer, R. Weingartner, M. Zappa, M. Zimmermann, A. P. Zischg (2018) 1868 – das Hochwasser, das die Schweiz veränderte. Ursachen, Folgen und Lehren für die Zukunft. Geographica Bernensia G94, 52. S., doi:10.4480/GB2018.G94.01

Brönnimann, S., C. Rohr, P. Stucki, S. Summermatter, M. Bandhauer, Y. Barton, A. Fischer, P. Froidevaux, U. Germann, M. Grosjean, F. Hupfer, K. Ingold, F. Isotta, M. Keiler, O. Martius, M. Messmer, R. Mülchi, L. Panziera, L. Pfister, C. C. Raible, T. Reist, O. Rössler, V. Röthlisberger, S. Scherrer, R. Weingartner, M. Zappa, M. Zimmermann, A. P. Zischg (2018) 1868 – L’alluvione che cambiò la Svizzera: Cause, conseguenze e insegnamenti per il futuro. Geographica Bernensia G94, 52. pp., doi:10.4480/GB2018.G94.02

Brönnimann, S., and C. Pfister (2018) Archives of Nature and Archives of Societies, in: White, S., C. Pfister, and F. Mauelshagen (Eds.) The Palgrave Handbook of Climate History. Palgrave Macmillan, p. 27-36. doi: 10.1057/978-1-137-43020-5

Brönnimann, S., S. White, and V. Slonosky (2018) Climate from 1800 to 1970 in North America and Europe, in: White, S., C. Pfister, and F. Mauelshagen (Eds.) The Palgrave Handbook of Climate History. Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 309-320. doi: 10.1057/978-1-137-43020-5

Brönnimann, S. (2018) Global Warming (1970-present), in: White, S., C. Pfister, and F. Mauelshagen (Eds.) The Palgrave Handbook of Climate History. Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 321-328. doi: 10.1057/978-1-137-43020-5

Brönnimann, S., (2018) Nützliche historische Wetterdaten. GeoAgenda, 2018/3, pp. 8-12.

Hemming, D.L., R. Abernethy, C. Armitage, K. Bolmgren, R. Myneni, T. Park, A. D. Richardson, T. Rutishauser, T. H. Sparks, and S. J. Thackeray, 2018: Phenology of terrestrial and freshwater primary producers [in “State of the Climate in 2017”]. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 99 (8), S63–S66, doi:10.1175/2018BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Gubler, M., P. D. Henne, C. Schwörer, P. Boltshauser-Kaltenrieder, A. F. Lotter, S. Brönnimann, W. Tinner (2018). Microclimatic gradients provide evidence for the northernmost glacial refuge for temperate trees south of the Alps. Journal of Biogeography (accepted).

Ballesteros-Cánovas, J. A., M. Stoffel, M. Rohrer, G. Benito, M. Beniston, S. Brönnimann (2018). On the extraordinary winter flood episode over the North Atlantic Basin in 1936. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, doi:10.1111/nyas.13911

Brázdil, R., P. Stucki, P. Szabó, L. Řezníčková, L. Dolák, P. Dobrovolný, R. Tolasz, O. Kotyza, K. Chromá, S. Suchánková (2018). Windstorms and forest disturbances in the Czech Lands: 1801–2015. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 250-251, S. 47-63. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.11.036

Wang, H., J. Dai, T. Rutishauser, A. Gonsamo, C. Wu, Q. Ge (2018). Trends and Variability in Temperature Sensitivity of Lilac Flowering Phenology. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 123(3), S. 807-817. doi:10.1002/2017JG004181

Gaudard A., C. Weber, TJ. Alexander, S. Hunziker, M. Schmid. Impacts of using lakes and rivers for extraction and disposal of heat. WIREs Water. 2018;e1295. doi: 10.1002/wat2.1295

Laloyaux, P., E. de Boisseson, M. Balmaseda, J. Bidlot, S. Brönnimann, R. Buizza, P. Dalhgren, D. Dee, L. Haimberger, H. Hersbach, Y. Kosaka, M. Martin, P. Poli, N. Rayner, E. Rustemeier, D. Schepers (2018). CERA-20C: A coupled reanalysis of the Twentieth Century (In Press). Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. doi:10.1029/2018MS001273

Hegerl, Gabriele C., S. Brönnimann, A. Schurer, T. Cowan (2018). The early 20th century warming: Anomalies, causes, and consequences. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, e522. doi:10.1002/wcc.522

Buizza, R., P. Poli, M. Rixen, M. Alonso-Balmaseda, M. G Bosilovich, S. Brönnimann, G. P. Compo, D. Dee, F. Desiato, M. Doutriaux-Boucher, M. Fujiwara, A. K. Kaiser-Weiss, S. Kobayashi, Z. Liu, S. Masina; P.-P. Mathieu, N. Rayner, C. Richter, S. I. Seneviratne, A. J. Simmons, J.-N. Thepaut, J. D. Auger, M. Bechtold, E. Berntell, B. Dong, M. Kozubek, K. Sharif, C. Thomas, S. Schimanke, A. Storto, M. Tuma, I. Välisuo, and A. Vaselali (2018) Advancing Global & Regional Reanalyses. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0312.1. (early online).

Brönnimann, S., R. Allan, C. Atkinson, R. Buizza, O. Bulygina, P. Dahlgren, D. Dee, R. Dunn, P. Gomes, V. John, S. Jourdain, L. Haimberger, H. Hersbach, J. Kennedy, P. Poli, J. Pulliainen, N. Rayner, R. Saunders, J. Schulz, A. Sterin, A. Stickler, H. Titchner, M. A. Valente, C. Ventura, C. Wilkinson (2018) Observations for Reanalyses. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0229.1. (early online).

Wegmann, M., Y. Orsolini, O. Zolina (2018). Warm Arctic−cold Siberia: comparing the recent and the early 20th-century Arctic warmings. Environmental Research Letters, 13(2), 025009. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aaa0b7.

Brönnimann, S., J. Rajczak, E.M. Fischer, C.C. Raible, M. Rohrer, C. Schär (2018). Changing seasonality of moderate and extreme precipitation events in the Alps, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 2047-2056, doi:10.5194/nhess-2018-55.

Brönnimann, Stefan; Wintzer, Jeannine (2018). Use imprint of society and history on climate data to inform climate services. Nature, 554, 423, doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-02201-z.

Brönnimann, Stefan (2018). Klimatologie. utb Basics, Haupt Verlag, Bern, 320 S.

Rössler, O., and S. Brönnimann (2018) The effect of the Tambora eruption on Swiss flood generation in 1816 / 1817. Science of the Total Environment, 627, 1218-1227. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.01.254.

Lehmann, D., E. Wyss, T. Rutishauser, and S. Brönnimann (2018) Citizen Science: Pflanzenphänologische Daten erfüllen wissenschaftliche Kriterien. Geographica Bernensia G93, 4 pp., doi:10.4480/GB2017.G93.

Andrade, M. F., I. Moreno, J. M. Calle, L. Ticona, L. Blacutt, W. Lavado-Casimiro, E. Sabino, A. Huerta, C. Aybar, S. Hunziker, and S. Brönnimann (2018) Atlas - Clima y eventos extremos del Altiplano Central perú-boliviano / Climate and extreme events from the Central Altiplano of Peru and Bolivia / 1981-2010. Geographica Bernensia, 188 pp., doi: 10.4480/GB2018.N01.

Zamuriano, M. (2018) Precipitaciones extremas en La Paz / Extreme precipitation in La Paz, in: Andrade, M. F., et al. (Eds). Atlas - Clima y eventos extremos del Altiplano Central perú-boliviano / Climate and extreme events from the Central Altiplano of Peru and Bolivia / 1981-2010. Geographica Bernensia, p. 80-81., doi: 10.4480/GB2018.N01.

Imfeld, N., A. Huerta, and W. Lavado (2018) La sequía de 1982-83 en el Altiplano / The 1982-83 drought in the Altiplano, in: Andrade, M. F., et al. (Eds). Atlas - Clima y eventos extremos del Altiplano Central perú-boliviano / Climate and extreme events from the Central Altiplano of Peru and Bolivia / 1981-2010. Geographica Bernensia, p. 74-75., doi: 10.4480/GB2018.N01.

Hunziker S. (2018) Tendencias climáticas recientes en el Altiplano / Recent climatic trends in the Altiplano, in: Andrade, M. F., et al. (Eds). Atlas - Clima y eventos extremos del Altiplano Central perú-boliviano / Climate and extreme events from the Central Altiplano of Peru and Bolivia / 1981-2010. Geographica Bernensia, p. 104-105., doi: 10.4480/GB2018.N01.

Henne P. D., M. Bigalke, U. Büntgen, D. Colombaroli, M. Conedera, U. Feller, D. Frank, J. F. Fuhrer, M. Grosjean, O. Heiri, J. Luterbacher, A. Mestrot, A. Rigling, O. Rössler, C. Rohr, T. Rutishauser, M. Schwikowski, A. Stampfli, S. Szidat, J.-P. Theurillat, R. Weingartner, W. Wilcke, and W. Tinner (2018) An empirical perspective for understanding climate change impacts in Switzerland. Regional Environmental Change, 18, 205-221. doi:10.1007/s10113-017-1182-9.

Rohrer, M., S. Brönnimann, O. Martius, C. C. Raible, M. Wild, G. P. Compo (2018) Representation of cyclones, blocking anticyclones, and circulation types in multiple reanalyses and model simulations. J. Climate, 31, 3009–3031. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0350.1.

Hunziker, S., S. Brönnimann, J. Calle, I. Moreno, M. Andrade, L. Ticona, W. Lavado, A. Huerta (2018) Effects of undetected data quality issues on climatological analyses. Clim. Past, 14, 1-20. doi: 10.5194/cp-14-1-2018.

Malik, A., and S. Brönnimann (2017) Factors Affecting the Inter-annual to Centennial Timescale Variability of Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall. Climate Dynamics, doi: 10.1007/s00382-017-3879-3.

Buizza, R., S. Brönnimann, L. Haimberger, P. Laloyaux, M. J. Martin, M. Fuentes, M. Alonso-Balmaseda, A. Becker, M. Blaschek, P. Dahlgren, E. de Boisseson, D. Dee, F. Xiangbo, K. Haines, S. Jourdain, Y. Kosaka, D. Lea, M. Mayer, P. Messina, C. Perruche, P. Peylin, J. Pullainen, N. Rayner, E. Rustemeier, D. Schepers, J. Schulz, A. Sterin, S. Stichelberger, A. Storto, C.-E. Testut, M. A. Valente, A. Vidard, N. Vuichard, A. Weaver, J. While, M. Ziese (2017) The EU-FP7 ERA-CLIM2 project contribution to advancing science and production of Earth-system climate reanalyses. B. Amer. Metetorol. Soc. (online). doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0199.1.

Oberlack, C., S. Boillat, S. Brönnimann, J.-D. Gerber, A. Heinimann, P. Messerli, S. Rist, C. Ifejika Speranza, U. Wiesmann (2017) Polycentric governance in telecoupled resource systems. Ecology & Society 23:16. doi: 10.5751/ES-09902-230116.

Hunziker, S., S. Gubler, J. M. Calle Fernandez, I. Moreno, M. F. Andrade, F. velarde, G. Carrasco, Y. Castellón, M. Croci-Maspoli, T. Konzelmann, M. Rohrer, and S. Brönnimann (2017) Identifying, attributing, and overcoming common data quality issues of manned station observations. Int. J. Climatol., 37, 4131-4143, doi: 10.1002/joc.5037.

Schwander, M., M. Rohrer, S. Brönnimann (2017) Influence of solar variability on the occurrence of central European weather types from 1763 to 2009. Clim. Past, 13, 1199-1212, Clim. Past Discuss., doi: 10.5194/cp-2017-8.

Ernst, J., N. Glaus, M. Schwander, and M. Graf (2017) Reanalysis of the “Märzorkan” of 1876. In: Brönnimann, S. (Ed.) Historical Weather Extremes in Reanalyses. Geographica Bernensia G92, p. 23-34, doi: 10.4480/GB2017.G92.02.

Villiger, L., M. Schwander, L. Schürch, L. Stanisic, and S. Brönnimann (2017) The “Royal Charter” Storm of 1859. In: Brönnimann, S. (Ed.) Historical Weather Extremes in Reanalyses. Geographica Bernensia G92, p. 35-45, doi: 10.4480/GB2017.G92.03.

Burkart, K. and A.-M. Wyss (2017) The ”Great Appalachian Storm” of 1950 in Reanalyses and Historical Weather Charts. In: Brönnimann, S. (Ed.) Historical Weather Extremes in Reanalyses. Geographica Bernensia G92, p. 47-58, doi: 10.4480/GB2017.G92.04.

Franke J., L. Di Marco, M. Pickl, C. Mock, K. Wood, and S. Brönnimann (2017) The “Sitka Hurricane” in south-eastern Alaska in the year 1880. In: Brönnimann, S. (Ed.) Historical Weather Extremes in Reanalyses. Geographica Bernensia G92, p. 59-67, doi: 10.4480/GB2017.G92.05.

Stucki, P., A. Baumann, and D. Bucher (2017) The 1978 heavy precipitation and flood event in Switzerland. In: Brönnimann, S. (Ed.) Historical Weather Extremes in Reanalyses. Geographica Bernensia G92, p. 69-80, doi: 10.4480/GB2017.G92.06.

Zamuriano, M., N. Imfeld, S. Hunziker, R. Peier, and G. Santi (2017) Reanalysis of a Cold Surge in Brazil in 1953. In: Brönnimann, S. (Ed.) Historical Weather Extremes in Reanalyses. Geographica Bernensia G92, p. 81-89, doi: 10.4480/GB2017.G92.07.

Meyer, L., R. Hunziker, J. Weber, and A. Zürcher (2017) An Analysis of the “Great Gale of October 1881“ using the Twentieth Century Reanalysis. In: Brönnimann, S. (Ed.) Historical Weather Extremes in Reanalyses. Geographica Bernensia G92, p. 91-100, doi: 10.4480/GB2017.G92.10.

Dizerens, C., S. Lenggenhager, M. Schwander, A. Buck, and S. Foffa (2017) The 1956 Cold Wave in Western Europe. In: Brönnimann, S. (Ed.) Historical Weather Extremes in Reanalyses. Geographica Bernensia G92, p. 101-111, doi: 10.4480/GB2017.G92.09.

Baumann, T. and L. Reichen (2017) The Iberian Storm of 1941 in the Twentieth Century Reanalysis. In: Brönnimann, S. (Ed.) Historical Weather Extremes in Reanalyses. Geographica Bernensia G92, p. 113-122, doi: 10.4480/GB2017.G92.10.

Gassner, S., L. Frigerio, M. Schwander, and C. Dizerens (2017) The “Great White Storm” of 1913. In: Brönnimann, S. (Ed.) Historical Weather Extremes in Reanalyses. Geographica Bernensia G92, p. 123-131, doi: 10.4480/GB2017.G92.11.

Brugnara, Y., S. Brönnimann, M. Zamuriano, J. Schild, C. Rohr and D. Segesser (2017) Los reanálisis arrojan luz sobre el desastre de los aludes de 1916. Tiempo y Clima, 58, 16-20.

Brönnimann, S., M. Jacques Coper, A. Fischer (2017) Regnerischere Südseeinseln wegen Ozonloch. Physik in unserer Zeit 48, 215-216. doi: 10.1002/piuz.201770505.

Malik, A., S. Brönnimann, P. Perona (2017) Statistical link between external climate forcings and modes of ocean variability. Climate Dynamics, doi:10.1007/s00382-017-3832-5.

Flückiger, S., S. Brönnimann A. Holzkämper, J. Fuhrer, D. Krämer, C. Pfister, C. Rohr (2017) Simulating crop yield losses in Switzerland for historical and present Tambora climate scenarios. Environ. Res. Lett., 12, 074026, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aa7246.

Franke, J., S. Brönnimann, J. Bhend, Y. Brugnara (2017) A monthly global paleo-reanalysis of the atmosphere from 1600 to 2005 for studying past climatic variations. Scientific Data 4, 170076. doi:10.1038/sdata.2017.76.

Brázdil, R., P. Stucki, P. Szabó, P. Dobrovolný, L. Řezníčková, O. Kotyza, H. Valášek, L. Dolák, P. Zahradníček, S. Suchánková (2017) The second most disastrous windstorm of the nineteenth century in the Czech Lands, 26-27 October 1870. Theor. Appl. Climatology, doi:10.1007/s00704-017-2146-1.

Brázdil, R., P. Stucki, P. Szabó, P. Dobrovolný, L. Řezníčková, O. Kotyza, H. Valášek, M. Melo, S. Suchánková, L. Dolák, K. Chromá (2017) The extraordinary windstorm of 7 December 1868 in the Czech Lands and its central European context. Int. J. Climatol. doi:10.1002/joc.4973.

Brönnimann, Stefan; Jacques-Coper, Martín; Rozanov, Eugene; Fischer, Andreas M.; Morgenstern, Olaf; Zeng, Guang; Akiyoshi, Hideharu; Yamashita, Yousuke (2017) Tropical circulation and precipitation response to ozone depletion and recovery. Environ. Res. Lett., 12, 064011, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aa7416.

Gubler, S., S. Hunziker, M. Begert, M. Croci-Maspoli, T. Konzelmann, S. Brönnimann, C. Schwierz, C. Oria, and G. Rosas, G. (2017) The influence of station density on climate data homogenization. Int. J. Climatol., 37, 4670–4683. doi:10.1002/joc.5114.

Rohrer, M., M. Croci-Maspoli, and C. Appenzeller (2017) Climate change and circulation types in the Alpine region. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 26(1), 83-92, doi:10.1127/metz/2016/0681.

Hersbach, H., S. Brönnimann, L. Haimberger, M. Mayer, L. Villiger, J. Comeaux, A. Simmons, D. Dee, S. Jourdain, C. Peubey, P. Poli, N. Rayner, A. Sterin, A. Stickler, M. A. Valente, and S. Worley (2017) The potential value of early (1939-1967) upper-air data in atmospheric climate reanalysis. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 143, 1197–1210, doi:10.1002/qj.3040.

Thorne, P.W., R.J. Allan, L. Ashcroft, P. Brohan, R.J. Dunn, M.J. Menne, P.R. Pearce, J. Picas, K.M. Willett, M. Benoy, S. Bronnimann, P.O. Canziani, J. Coll, R. Crouthamel, G.P. Compo, D. Cuppett, M. Curley, C. Duffy, I. Gillespie, J. Guijarro, S. Jourdain, E.C. Kent, H. Kubota, T.P. Legg, Q. Li, J. Matsumoto, C. Murphy, N.A. Rayner, J.J. Rennie, E. Rustemeier, L.C. Slivinski, V. Slonosky, A. Squintu, B. Tinz, M.A. Valente, S. Walsh, X.L. Wang, N. Westcott, K. Wood, S.D. Woodruff, and S.J. Worley (2017) Toward an Integrated Set of Surface Meteorological Observations for Climate Science and Applications. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 98, 2689–2702. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0165.1.

Wegmann, M., Y. Orsolini, E. Dutra, O. Bulygina, A. Sterin and S. Brönnimann (2017) Eurasian snow depth in long-term climate reanalyses. The Cryosphere 11, 923-935, doi:10.5194/tc-11-923-2017.

Brugnara, Y., S. Brönnimann, M. Zamuriano, J. Schild, C. Rohr and D. Segesser (2017) Reanalysis sheds light on 1916 avalanche disaster. ECMWF Newsletter 151, 28-34.

Wang, H., T. Rutishauser, Z. Tao, S. Zhong, Q. Ge, J. Dai (2017) Impacts of global warming on phenology of spring leaf unfolding remain stable in the long run. International Journal of Biometeorology, 61(2), 287-292, doi:10.1007/s00484-016-1210-3.

Schwander, M., S. Brönnimann, G. Delaygue, M. Rohrer, R. Auchmann, and Y. Brugnara (2017) Reconstruction of Central European daily weather types back to 1763. Int. J. Climatol. 37, 30-44. doi:10.1002/joc.4974.

Malik, A., S. Brönnimann, A. Stickler, C. C. Raible, S. Muthers, J. Anet, E. Rozanov, W. Schmutz (2017) Decadal to Multi-decadal Scale Variability of Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall in the Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere-Chemistry Climate Model SOCOL-MPIOM. Climate Dynamics (online first), doi:10.1007/s00382-017-3529-9.

Samartin, S., O. Heiri, F. Joos, H. Renssen, J. Franke, S. Brönnimann, W. Tinner (2017). Warm Mediterranean mid-Holocene summers inferred from fossil midge assemblages. Nature Geoscience, 10, 207-212. Nature Publishing Group, doi:10.1038/ngeo2891.